𝑂𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑖𝑠 𝐴𝑏𝑟𝑎ℎ𝑎𝑚’𝑠 𝑚𝑒𝑚𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑎𝑦

𝐀𝐰𝐚𝐤𝐞𝐧 𝐀𝐛𝐫𝐚𝐡𝐚𝐦’𝐬 𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐨𝐥𝐨𝐠𝐲

Wɪᴛʜ ᴀʟʟ ᴛʜᴇ ᴛᴜʀᴍᴏɪʟ ʜᴀᴘᴘᴇɴɪɴɢ ᴀʀᴏᴜɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ᴡᴏʀʟᴅ, ɪᴛ ᴍᴀᴋᴇs ᴏɴᴇ ᴡᴏɴᴅᴇʀ ᴡʜᴇɴ ᴀɴᴅ ᴡʜᴇʀᴇ ᴛʜᴇ ɴᴇxᴛ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴ ᴍɪɢʜᴛ ᴛᴀᴋᴇ ᴘʟᴀᴄᴇ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴡʜᴀᴛ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ɪᴛ ᴡɪʟʟ ᴘʀᴏᴍᴏᴛᴇ, ɪғ ᴀɴʏ.

Tʜᴇʀᴇ ɪs ᴀ ᴅɪғғᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇ ʙᴇᴛᴡᴇᴇɴ ᴀ ᴄᴏᴜᴘ ᴀɴᴅ ᴀ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴ. Iɴ ᴛʜᴇ ғɪʀsᴛ, ᴏɴᴇ ʟᴇᴀᴅᴇʀ ᴏᴠᴇʀᴛʜʀᴏᴡs ᴀɴᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ɪɴ ᴀ sᴛʀᴜɢɢʟᴇ ғᴏʀ ᴘᴏᴡᴇʀ. Iɴ ᴛʜᴇ sᴇᴄᴏɴᴅ, ᴏɴᴇ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ, ᴏɴᴇ ᴡᴏʀʟᴅᴠɪᴇᴡ ᴛᴀᴋᴇs ᴛʜᴇ ᴘʟᴀᴄᴇ ᴏғ ᴀɴᴏᴛʜᴇʀ. Tʜᴇ ʟᴀᴛᴛᴇʀ ᴋɪɴᴅ is ᴛʜᴇ Isʀᴀᴇʟɪ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ.

Iᴛ ɪs ᴀɴ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴇᴍᴇʀɢᴇᴅ ɴᴇᴀʀʟʏ ғᴏʀᴛʏ ᴄᴇɴᴛᴜʀɪᴇs ᴀɢᴏ, ᴀᴅᴀᴘᴛᴇᴅ ɪᴛs ᴍᴀɴɪғᴇsᴛᴀᴛɪᴏɴs ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴛɪᴍᴇs, ᴀɴᴅ sᴜʀᴠɪᴠᴇᴅ ɴᴇᴀʀʟʏ ᴛᴡᴇɴᴛʏ ᴄᴇɴᴛᴜʀɪᴇs ᴜɴᴛɪʟ ɪᴛ ᴡᴇɴᴛ ɪɴᴛᴏ ᴀ ᴄᴏᴍᴀ ɪɴ ᴛʜᴇ ғɪʀsᴛ ᴄᴇɴᴛᴜʀɪᴇs ᴏғ ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴍᴏɴ ᴇʀᴀ.

Tʜᴇ ᴘʀᴏɢᴇɴɪᴛᴏʀ ᴏғ ᴛʜɪs ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ᴡᴀs Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ, ᴛʜᴇ ʙɪʙʟɪᴄᴀʟ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴᴀʀʏ ᴡʜᴏ ᴘʀᴏᴘᴏsᴇᴅ ᴀ ᴄᴏɴᴄᴇᴘᴛᴜᴀʟ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴ ᴛᴏ ʜɪs Bᴀʙʏʟᴏɴɪᴀɴ ᴄᴏᴜɴᴛʀʏғᴏʟᴋ ᴀɴᴅ ᴡᴀs ᴇxᴘᴇʟʟᴇᴅ ғʀᴏᴍ ʜɪs ʜᴏᴍᴇʟᴀɴᴅ ᴀs ᴀ ᴘᴜɴɪsʜᴍᴇɴᴛ.

Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ ᴅɪsᴄᴏᴠᴇʀᴇᴅ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴏɴʟʏ ᴏɴᴇ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ ᴏᴘᴇʀᴀᴛᴇs ᴀʟʟ ᴏғ ʀᴇᴀʟɪᴛʏ ᴀɴᴅ sᴏᴜɢʜᴛ ᴛᴏ sʜᴀʀᴇ ʜɪs ʀᴇᴠᴇʟᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴡɪᴛʜ ʜɪs ᴘᴇᴏᴘʟᴇ. Bᴜᴛ ᴊᴜsᴛ ᴀs Gᴀʟɪʟᴇᴏ, ᴡʜᴏ ᴡᴀs ғᴏʀᴄᴇᴅ ᴛᴏ ʀᴇɴᴏᴜɴᴄᴇ ʜɪs ᴅɪsᴄᴏᴠᴇʀʏ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴛʜᴇ Eᴀʀᴛʜ ᴄɪʀᴄʟᴇs ᴛʜᴇ Sᴜɴ ᴀɴᴅ ɴᴏᴛ ᴛʜᴇ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ᴡᴀʏ ᴀʀᴏᴜɴᴅ, sᴀɪᴅ, E ᴘᴜʀ sɪ ᴍᴜᴏᴠᴇ (Aɴᴅ ʏᴇᴛ ɪᴛ ᴍᴏᴠᴇs), Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ ɪɴsɪsᴛᴇᴅ ᴏɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴠᴀʟɪᴅɪᴛʏ ᴏғ ʜɪs ʀᴇᴠᴇʟᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴛʜᴇʀᴇ ɪs ᴏɴʟʏ ᴏɴᴇ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ. Fᴏʀ ᴛʜɪs, ʜᴇ ᴡᴀs ᴇxɪʟᴇᴅ.

Uɴʟɪᴋᴇ Gᴀʟɪʟᴇᴏ, Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ ᴡᴀs ɴᴏᴛ ᴀʟᴏɴᴇ. Tʜᴏᴜsᴀɴᴅs ᴏғ ᴘᴇᴏᴘʟᴇ ғᴏʟʟᴏᴡᴇᴅ ʜɪᴍ ᴀɴᴅ sᴇᴛ ᴏғғ ᴀ ᴍᴏᴠᴇᴍᴇɴᴛ ʙᴀsᴇᴅ ᴏɴ ᴀ ɴᴏᴠᴇʟ ᴘᴇʀᴄᴇᴘᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏғ ʀᴇᴀʟɪᴛʏ. ᴛʜᴇɪʀ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ᴡᴀs ʙᴀsᴇᴅ ᴏɴ ᴜɴɪᴛʏ ᴀs ᴀ ᴍᴇᴀɴs ᴛᴏ ʙᴇᴄᴏᴍᴇ sɪᴍɪʟᴀʀ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ sɪɴɢᴜʟᴀʀ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ. Aᴄᴄᴏʀᴅɪɴɢʟʏ, ᴛʜᴇʏ ᴇsᴛᴀʙʟɪsʜᴇᴅ ᴛʜᴇɪʀ sᴏᴄɪᴇᴛʏ ᴏɴ ᴛʜᴇ ᴘʀɪɴᴄɪᴘʟᴇ ᴏғ ᴍᴜᴛᴜᴀʟ ʀᴇsᴘᴏɴsɪʙɪʟɪᴛʏ, ᴀɴᴅ sᴛʀᴏᴠᴇ ᴛᴏ ʟᴏᴠᴇ ᴇᴀᴄʜ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ᴀs ᴛʜᴇᴍsᴇʟᴠᴇs.

Iᴛ ᴡᴀs ɴᴏᴛ ᴇᴀsʏ ᴛᴏ ᴘᴜʀsᴜᴇ sᴜᴄʜ ᴀɴ ᴜɴɴᴀᴛᴜʀᴀʟ ᴘᴀʀᴀᴅɪɢᴍ, ʙᴜᴛ ᴛʜᴇ ʀᴇᴡᴀʀᴅs ᴛʜᴇʏ ʀᴇᴀᴘᴇᴅ ᴡʜᴇɴ ᴛʜᴇʏ sᴜᴄᴄᴇᴇᴅᴇᴅ ᴡᴇʀᴇ ᴇɴᴏʀᴍᴏᴜs. Aʟᴛᴇʀɴᴀᴛɪᴠᴇʟʏ, ᴛʜᴇ ᴛᴏʀᴍᴇɴᴛs ᴛʜᴇʏ sᴜғғᴇʀᴇᴅ ᴡʜᴇɴ ᴛʜᴇʏ ᴀʙᴀɴᴅᴏɴᴇᴅ ᴛʜᴇɪʀ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ᴡᴇʀᴇ ᴇǫᴜᴀʟʟʏ ʜᴏʀʀᴇɴᴅᴏᴜs.

Aᴛ ᴀʀᴏᴜɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ʙᴇɢɪɴɴɪɴɢ ᴏғᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴏᴍᴍᴏɴ ᴇʀᴀ, Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ’s sᴘɪʀɪᴛᴜᴀʟ ʜᴇɪʀs ʜᴀᴅ ʟᴏsᴛ ᴛᴏᴜᴄʜ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴛʜᴇɪʀ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ. Tʜᴇ ʙᴀsɪᴄ ᴛᴇɴᴇᴛs ᴏғ ᴍᴜᴛᴜᴀʟ ʀᴇsᴘᴏɴsɪʙɪʟɪᴛʏ ᴀɴᴅ ʟᴏᴠᴇ ᴏғ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀs, ᴛʜʀᴏᴜɢʜ ᴡʜɪᴄʜ Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ ʜᴀᴅ ᴇsᴛᴀʙʟɪsʜᴇᴅ ʜɪs sᴏᴄɪᴇᴛʏ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴡʜᴏsᴇ ᴅᴇsᴄᴇɴᴅᴀɴᴛs ᴋᴇᴘᴛ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴀʟʟ ᴛʜᴇɪʀ ᴍɪɢʜᴛ, ʜᴀᴅ ᴠᴀɴɪsʜᴇᴅ ғʀᴏᴍ ᴀᴍᴏɴɢ ᴛʜᴇ Jᴇᴡs ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇʏ ᴅɪsᴘᴇʀsᴇᴅ ᴀʀᴏᴜɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ᴡᴏʀʟᴅ.

Tʜᴇʀᴇ ʜᴀᴠᴇ ʙᴇᴇɴ ᴄᴏᴜɴᴛʟᴇss ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴs sɪɴᴄᴇ Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ’s ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴ, ʙᴜᴛ ɴᴏɴᴇ ᴡᴀs ǫᴜɪᴛᴇ ʟɪᴋᴇ ʜɪs: ᴀsᴘɪʀɪɴɢ ᴛᴏ ʙʀɪɴɢ ᴀʟʟ ᴏғ ʜᴜᴍᴀɴᴋɪɴᴅ ɪɴᴛᴏ ᴀ sᴛᴀᴛᴇ ᴏғ ᴜɴɪᴛʏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴍᴜᴛᴜᴀʟ ʀᴇsᴘᴏɴsɪʙɪʟɪᴛʏ ᴛʜʀᴏᴜɢʜ ᴘᴇʀsᴏɴᴀʟ ᴛʀᴀɴsғᴏʀᴍᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ᴏғ ᴘᴇᴏᴘʟᴇ’s ᴏᴡɴ ᴠᴏʟɪᴛɪᴏɴ.

Tʜᴇ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴs ᴡᴇ ʜᴀᴠᴇ sᴇᴇɴ sɪɴᴄᴇ ᴛʜᴇɴ ᴀᴛᴛᴇᴍᴘᴛᴇᴅ ᴛᴏ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ ᴘᴇᴏᴘʟᴇ ɪɴᴛᴏ sᴏᴄɪᴀʟ sᴛʀᴜᴄᴛᴜʀᴇs ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴛʜᴇʏ ʙᴇʟɪᴇᴠᴇᴅ ᴡᴇʀᴇ ᴊᴜsᴛ, ʙᴜᴛ ᴛʜᴇʏ ᴅɪᴅ ɴᴏᴛ ᴀsᴘɪʀᴇ ᴛᴏ ᴇsᴛᴀʙʟɪsʜ ᴛʜᴇᴍ ᴏɴ ғʀᴇᴇ ᴄʜᴏɪᴄᴇ, ʙᴜᴛ ᴏɴ ғᴏʀᴄᴇᴅ ᴄᴏɴᴠᴇʀsɪᴏɴ. Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ, ᴛʜᴇ ᴍᴀɴ ᴏғ ᴍᴇʀᴄʏ, ᴏɴʟʏ ᴏғғᴇʀᴇᴅ ʜɪs ɪᴅᴇᴀs, ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴏsᴇ ᴡʜᴏ ᴀɢʀᴇᴇᴅ ᴡɪᴛʜ ʜɪᴍ ʜᴀᴅ ᴊᴏɪɴᴇᴅ ʜɪᴍ.

Bᴀᴀʟ HᴀSᴜʟᴀᴍ (1885–1954) ᴛʜᴇ ɢʀᴇᴀᴛ ᴋᴀʙʙᴀʟɪsᴛ ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜɪɴᴋᴇʀ, ᴡʀᴏᴛᴇ ᴛʜᴇ ғᴏʟʟᴏᴡɪɴɢ ᴄʜɪʟʟɪɴɢ ᴡᴏʀᴅs: “ʜᴜᴍᴀɴɪᴛʏ ʜᴀs ᴀʟʀᴇᴀᴅʏ ᴛʜʀᴏᴡɴ ɪᴛsᴇʟғ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇxᴛʀᴇᴍᴇ ʀɪɢʜᴛ, ᴀs ᴡɪᴛʜ Gᴇʀᴍᴀɴʏ, ᴏʀ ᴛᴏ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇxᴛʀᴇᴍᴇ ʟᴇғᴛ, ‎ᴀs ᴡɪᴛʜ Rᴜssɪᴀ. Bᴜᴛ ɴᴏᴛ ᴏɴʟʏ ᴅɪᴅ ᴛʜᴇʏ ɴᴏᴛ ᴇᴀsᴇ ᴛʜᴇ sɪᴛᴜᴀᴛɪᴏɴ ғᴏʀ ᴛʜᴇᴍsᴇʟᴠᴇs, ᴛʜᴇʏ ʜᴀᴠᴇ ᴡᴏʀsᴇɴᴇᴅ ‎ᴛʜᴇ ᴍᴀʟᴀᴅʏ ᴀɴᴅ ᴀɢᴏɴʏ, ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇ ᴠᴏɪᴄᴇs ʀɪsᴇ ᴜᴘ ᴛᴏ ʜᴇᴀᴠᴇɴ, ᴀs ᴡᴇ ᴀʟʟ ᴋɴᴏᴡ.”

Tᴏᴅᴀʏ, ᴡʜᴇɴ ᴡᴇ ᴀʀᴇ ᴀʟʟ ᴄᴏɴɴᴇᴄᴛᴇᴅ ɪɴ sᴏ ᴍᴀɴʏ ᴡᴀʏs, ᴡʜᴇɴ ᴡᴇ ɪɴғᴇᴄᴛ ᴇᴀᴄʜ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴠɪʀᴜsᴇs, ᴅᴇɴʏ ᴇᴀᴄʜ ᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ɢᴀs, ғᴏᴏᴅ, ᴄᴏᴍᴘᴜᴛᴇʀ ᴄʜɪᴘs ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴄʀɪᴘᴘʟᴇ ᴏᴜʀ ᴇᴄᴏɴᴏᴍɪᴇs, ɪᴛ ɪs ᴄʟᴇᴀʀ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴡᴇ ɴᴇᴇᴅ ᴀɴᴏᴛʜᴇʀ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢɪᴄᴀʟ ʀᴇᴠᴏʟᴜᴛɪᴏɴ.

As Bᴀᴀʟ HᴀSᴜʟᴀᴍ ᴡʀᴏᴛᴇ, ᴡᴇ ʜᴀᴠᴇ ᴛʀɪᴇᴅ ᴀʟʟ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇxᴛʀᴇᴍᴇs, ᴀɴᴅ ᴛʜᴇʏ ʜᴀᴠᴇ ᴀʟʟ ғᴀɪʟᴇᴅ ᴜs. Tʜᴇʀᴇғᴏʀᴇ, ᴡᴇ ᴅᴏ ɴᴏᴛ ɴᴇᴇᴅ ᴀ ɴᴇᴡ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ, ʙᴜᴛ sɪᴍᴘʟʏ ᴛᴏ ᴀᴡᴀᴋᴇɴ Aʙʀᴀʜᴀᴍ’s ғᴏʀᴛʏ-ᴄᴇɴᴛᴜʀʏ-ᴏʟᴅ ɪᴅᴇᴏʟᴏɢʏ ғʀᴏᴍ ɪᴛs ᴄᴏᴍᴀ, ᴀɴᴅ sᴛʀɪᴠᴇ ᴛᴏ ᴜɴɪᴛᴇ ᴀs ᴏɴᴇ, ɪɴ sɪᴍɪʟᴀʀɪᴛʏ ᴡɪᴛʜ ᴛʜᴇ ᴏɴᴇ ғᴏʀᴄᴇ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ᴏᴘᴇʀᴀᴛᴇs ʀᴇᴀʟɪᴛʏ. Iғ ᴡᴇ ᴅᴏ sᴏ, ᴡᴇ ᴡɪʟʟ ғɪɴᴅ ᴏᴜʀsᴇʟᴠᴇs ʟɪᴠɪɴɢ ɪɴ ᴀ ᴄᴀʟᴍ ᴀɴᴅ ᴅᴜʀᴀʙʟᴇ ᴡᴏʀʟᴅ, ᴡɪᴛʜᴏᴜᴛ sᴄᴀʀᴄɪᴛʏ ᴏʀ ᴍɪsᴇʀʏ.

Tʜᴇsᴇ ᴀʀᴇ ᴏᴜʀ ᴡɪsʜᴇs ᴏɴ ᴛʜɪs ᴍᴇᴍᴏʀɪᴀʟ ᴅᴀʏ.

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